Plagiarism

Plagiarism is derived from word from the Latin language that is ‘plagiare’ meaning to ‘to kidnap’. Plagiarism basically is referred to taking of one man’s work and presenting in such a way that it is one’s own. It is done by copying of the other’s work. Work can be in any form including one’s thoughts, expressions, paper, ideas etc.
In India, although the laws related to plagiarism are not present but section 57 of the Indian Copyright Act, 1957 which is Author’s Special Right gives right to author to claim authorship of their work according to sub section 1(a). The law in the same section also states that one can claim damages for any alteration done in the work if that particular alteration is vulnerable for the author’s reputation. The punishment is also prescribed under the Section 63 of the Copyright Act, 1957. The punishment ranges from six months to three years or fine which may range from fifty thousand rupees to two lakh rupees or both imprisonment and fine. The Act also state rules for repeated offenders which not only increases the monetary punishment but jail time too. 
In Indian context, plagiarism has been an evolving concept and the Indian judiciary has been itself indulging in such acts. In the famous case of Division Bench of the Delhi High Court had plagiarised thirty-three paragraphs of its judgement in Roche v Cipla from a law review article written by Shwetasree Majumder and Eashan Ghosh in the Queen Mary Journal of Intellectual Property . The Delhi High Court apologized for such act and a big question arises that how will the people get justice when the protectors of justice are themselves indulged in such acts. Who will punish them and whether merely apologizing to such act will compensate for the damage. 
The academic plagiarism has been rising at a very high rate. Although there are mechanisms to keep a check on these things but still the plagiarism has made its permanent place in the Indian Academics be it research papers, debates, reaction papers, dissertations. This is all because of number of reasons ranging from the unclear and not well defined polices which relates to such plagiarism in academic institutions, or the pressure on the students to publish an article which puts a burden on the mind of the student or the writer and thereby indulging in such unethical work. Such practices should be avoided at the primary stages itself as these affect adversely afterwards as it becomes a practice. 
CONCLUSION- In India, to minimize the copying of such work and to prevent plagiarism as whole, UGC along with the steps taken above has instructed all colleges and educational institutions to design an effective plagiarism policy which should bear an approval from statutory bodies and such policy should be made public by displaying on the website of the respective educational institutions.
It has also prescribed that regular awareness programmes and seminars be conducted for making the students aware and to teach them the harmful effects of plagiarism and how it may attract legal consequences for the same. However according to various reports, it has been revealed that the students 
It is therefore, to be noted that since stealing being a crime of a serious and criminal nature. However, it deals with the items which are tangible in nature according to the Indian Penal Code. Similarly, such stealing of intangible items which includes ideas, expressions, articles, figures should be also considered as a serious crime and hence be punishable in the same manner. The main reasons for such acts includes ignorance, laziness and fecklessness. It has been observed that there is no law as to criminalize plagiarism in India. Whereas the stance in USA has been rigid and there are laws present to criminalize such act and it has been specifically mentioned in their Copyright Act. It has to be tagged along with theft as mentioned under Section 378 of the Indian Penal Code under a separate head of intangible things. The main idea being that the strict punishment will prevent the act which is happening in large number in almost all the colleges of India along with other institutions too which are not academic as well.

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